Fortunately for the Pacific yew, scientists soon discovered a way to produce Taxol from needles and twigs of other cultivated yews. A species of Himalayan yew tree that is used to produce Taxol, a chemotherapy drug to treat cancer, is being pushed to the brink of extinction by over-harvesting for medicinal use … It is an attractive ornamental tree and is frequently used as a hedge plant. The English species, T. baccata and the Japanese species, T. cuspidata have many cultivated […]
Quick View. Its European cousin has a long-standing history in European warfare. Modern research has shown that it contains the substance "taxol" in its shoots and bark. Yew, Pacific quantity. Long associated with magic, death and rebirth/eternal life; attributed with magical and psychic abilities, yew was one of the ‘nine sacred woods’ used in the ritual fires of the Celts, and as a ‘totem’ tree by Celtic tribes. SKU: sw-yew Category: Softwoods Tags: domestic, red, strong. The Pacific Yew is small tree found primarily in the northwestern coastal forests of North America. (TAKS-us brev-i-FOAL-ee-uh) Names: The Pacific Yew is also called the Western Yew or sometimes the Oregon Yew. Pacific yew is most frequent on dry, warm sites with soils of medium moisture and nutrient regimes. Our local species is known as Pacific yew, western yew, American yew, Oregon yew, bow-plant, mountain mahogany. W109519. Pacific yew varies in size from a shrub to small-sized (<20 m tall) evergreen gymnosperm, with an irregular crown, long branches, twisted and fluted stem, and scaly bark at maturity. It is also found in a few areas farther inland.
Biosynthesis of taxol now takes place in cell culture. Pacific yew wood was used by the Native Americans to make warring, fishing, and hunting tools.
Pacific Yew The Yew Family–Taxaceae Taxus brevifolia Nutt. Medicinal use of Pacific Yew: The Pacific yew is a highly toxic plant but it was employed medicinally by several native North American Indian tribes who used it to treat a variety of complaints. Description ; Additional information ; Reviews (0) Description. Brevifolia means short leaves. Pacific Yew is easy to mill and glue. Pacific yew is native to the Coast Range of British Columbia and the northwest coast of the United States. Ingestion of the plant may cause Dizziness, Dry mouth and Abdominal Cramping in few. Although the wood of Pacific yew has been used for furniture and handicrafts, for many years this species was considered an impediment to the harvest of larger timber trees. The plant Bark, Branch tips and needles are used medicinally. Filter . Relationships: There are about seven species of yew worldwide. Scientific name: Taxus brevifolia. Traditionally yew has been used for native American longbows as the wood is bendable and stiff which produces the ideal medium for a bow. Taxol, derived from the bark of Pacific yew, is used in cancer research and therapy. Not to be misconstrued with the European variety, this Yew is indigenous to the Pacific Northwest.
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The effect of harvesting for taxol has been evaluated by Wolf and Wortman (1992). The bark of Yew tree contains Anti Cancer agents. The bark was used in cancer research as it yields the taxol, a key component of cancer-fighting drug, tamoxifen. What this means is that the wood is extremely flexible, yet strong, making it ideally suited for use in archery bows. Uses include: Cabinet fronts, picture frames, long bows, and fine turned articles. Therefore, many stands were indiscriminantly cut down. Pacific Yew Rough Live Edge Bowl Blank. Pacific yew has great medical importance since it contains a drug Taxol, which is being used for Cancer medicine Research. The native peoples used its needles and twigs to brew teas for a wide range of ailments including cancer. Yet perhaps Yew’s greatest claim to fame is that of its mechanical properties: despite its strength and density, Yew has an incredibly low and disproportionate modulus of elasticity at only 1,320,000 lb f /in 2 (9,100 MPa). History and traditional uses Local First Nations identified Pacific yew as a plant with medicinal properties, making teas from the needles and bark, and applying crushed needles to wounds. The oil derived from Yew bushes is best for treating Breast Cancer and Ovarian Cancer.